Kahire Büyükelçiliği 23.02.2013

In the aftermath of the anniversary of 11 February 2011, which marked the turning point in Egypt’s revolutionary transition, we are saddened by recent disturbances, and meaningless violence that resulted in tragic losses of innocent lives, and damage to public property. President Abdullah Gul and Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan on behalf of the Turkish nation shared the sorrow of the people and government of Egypt and conveyed their   condolences to the grieving families and relatives of the victims.


Egypt is undergoing a phenomenal process of transition towards democracy. All Egypt’s friends sincerely hope to see that the process culminates into a just, lasting, accountable and representative new governing order rewarding the cradle of the Nile civilization and its beautiful people. This will obviously take time, since democracy is a system of values that can only be learned, built and excercised; and not genetical. Therefore it is only natural that on the path to constitutional democracy there could be pitfalls, institutional and/or social differences; or the process may take longer than desired. There may also be moments when certain segments of the society may find it painful and apalling to relinquish old customs,  adjust to the new realities, new rules, and give up the habits practiced in the past. Yet, centuries old civilizational experience testifies to the fact that it is well worth paying this price, for democracy is priceless.


In my opinion, Egyptian pepople have already proven to the world that they want “genuine change” and this change should be “peaceful” towards democratic governance respectful of universal values. As it builds its own democracy, I am confident that Egypt will welcome contributions and support from its true friends through partnership and cooperation, but this should not  be in the form of impositions and dictations.


Egyptian people and political forces are in need of hammering-out a new national covenant... A social contract that will unite all segments of the society, empower the people, give them the long needed safeguards for freedom, dignity, justice, and ultimately, the hope for a prosperous future by reviving the economy through accountable, transparent governance. Such an understanding will definitely inspire hope and sense of ownership which are essential for mobilisation at national level to face the difficulties and build a common future.


It is not through despair, fragmentation and vengence, but through hope and determination that a nation can lift itself up to mobilization, (now needed more than ever in the past in Egypt), to regain  its glory and rythm. It is high time to prove that Egyptian people are perfectly capable of charting their future based on dialogue and compromise; and not through confrontation.


I personally believe that overwhelming majority of Egyptian people and political forces want this. They are conscious about their civilizational responsibility, and actually during mulutiple phases of electoral transition they demonstrated again and again to the rest of the world that democratic governance is not a privilege only for certain “others” but it remains a sovereign choice, one that Egypt opts for... Yet, one has to also understand that, the road to democracy is not a short one, and I believe the people of Egypt remain determined to walk it through, no matter how steep.


What one has to understand clearly is, democracy is not absolute rule of majority, but it is governing by majority, but through dialogue, consensus, and respect towards minorities. In other words, the strength of democracy lies in its very nature that minorities and/or dissenting opinions are not suppressed, neutralized or disregarded, but they are respected, included and accomodated.


Regime changes and transitions are inevitably turbulent wherever they may occur, and the societies in question are exposed to extensive internal debate and arguments with varying aspirations and differences surfacing. The way to prevent those differences from evolving into violent conflict is building a climate of mutual compromises through balancing acts and "separation of powers". In other words; while building a new balance between various forces and sources of governance, the society needs checks and balances to safeguard the interests of different groups, and even more importantly to preserve sense of belonging and ownership through greater liberties and rights. That is what democracy is all about. And I am confident that Egypt is capable of building solid founudations to nourish its nascent democracy by addressing all these concerns, and responding to the needs and aspirations of its people. In the final analysis, the virtue and strength of every democracy depends on the environment it creates, and also whether it can build a broadly representative viable order balancing individual freedoms, public life, and various  interests inherent in every society.


Throughout history, the keys of solutions to mankind's problems of governance have been imbedded in two fundamental areas “economy” and “education”. Without success in these two vital sectors, it will be difficult to achieve progress for any government; and chances to maintain order will be limited. The challenges ahead of Egypt and its future governments will not be different...


Egypt is at a crossroads in its contemporary history. It will take several generations, and more sacrifices will have to be made, till hardships and turbulance are overcome. But there is no easy way around. Progress and change always come with a price. Carrying Egypt into  21st Century as a viable democracy with a free society in dignity and hope, as laid down during the Tahrir Revolution, will also need sacrifices, patience and determination. Democracy is no easy task to achieve. Therefore one should never underestimate the challenges ahead. Yet, I remain optimistic... People's will shall prevail... The on-going debate, tensions and even occasional frictions which may follow should be seen natural. As long as they are peaceful, and conducive towards a truly democratic, broadly based, representative new order, convulsions will be well worth enduring. And the pain will vanish crowning the birth of a healthy child.


The great River Nile rose again, yet this time it shall not to flood its banks, but carry Egypt into the 21st century as a shining democracy.


Huseyin Avni BOTSALI

Ambassador of the Republic of Turkey


Sunday - Thursday

09:00 - 17:00

Consulate Section: 09:-12:00 (Applicaton hand over) / 14:30-16:30 (Applicaton take over)
1/1/2023 New Year
1/7/2023 Eastern Christmas
1/25/2023 Tahrir Revolution Day / Police Day
4/16/2023 Coptic Easter
4/17/2023 Sham El Nessim Feast
4/21/2023 4/23/2023 Eid Al Fitr
4/25/2023 Sinai Liberation Day
5/1/2023 Labor Day
6/27/2023 Arafa Day
6/28/2023 7/1/2023 Eid Al Edha
7/19/2023 Hijri Year Beginning
7/23/2023 23 July Revolution Day / Egyptian National Day
9/27/2023 Prophet's Birthday
10/6/2023 Armed Forces Day
10/29/2023 Turkish Republic Day